Encouraging actions that support the environment is a vital element of the Florida Keys’ commitment to protecting the island chain’s natural resources. And from Big Pine Key to Key West, you’ll find a wide variety of positive environmental activities and attractions that illustrate how to share that commitment.
A mature male Key deer is seen on Big Pine Key. Similar in size to large dogs, Key deer have been protected since 1957 within the Lower Florida Keys’ National Key Deer Refuge. (Photo by Rob O’Neal, Florida Keys News Bureau)
So put these Lower Keys and Key West eco-experiences, recommended by guest blogger Sydney Cook, on your bucket list.
Tour Grimal Grove and sample exotic fruits. On Big Pine Key, the 2-acre fruit farm Grimal Grove — billed as the first and only breadfruit grove in the continental United States — offers 90-minute guided tropical fruit excursions showcasing species of subtropical and tropical fruits, trees and plants. You can sample sweet and sour exotic fruits (including breadfruit!) and learn about 1950s-era hermit Adolf Grimal, a recluse who designed Old Grimal Estate at 258 Cunningham Lane.
Spot tiny, endangered Key deer in the Lower Keys’ National Key Deer Refuge. In 1957 the refuge was established to protect and preserve habitats for wildlife — particularly the tiny shy Key deer, about the size of a large dog, that are often seen grazing around Big Pine Key. The refuge’s 9,000-plus acres include mangrove forests, freshwater and salt marsh wetlands, pine rockland forests and tropical hardwood hammocks. Stop by the Florida Keys National Wildlife Refuges Nature Center, located on Big Pine near mile marker 30.5, for a “porch visit” Wednesday through Friday from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m.
Observe wildlife at the Blue Hole. Find this secluded oasis off Big Pine’s Key Deer Boulevard, just 3 miles north of its intersection with the Florida Keys Overseas Highway. An abandoned quarry, the Blue Hole exposes the Keys’ unique freshwater lens and attracts a wide variety of wildlife. Tiny Key deer drink there, while other occupants include alligators, turtles, snakes, fish and a variety of birds. Enjoy the view from the observation platform or venture along the forested edges of the walking trail.
Looe Key Reef, a part of the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, is widely regarded as a world-class dive experience.
Dive or snorkel at Looe Key Reef. This unique preserve is named for HMS Looe, a British frigate that ran aground in 1744. The waters surrounding the reef provide spectacular views of sponges, soft corals, vibrant elkhorn and staghorn coral thickets and a large array of fish. Looe Key Reef Resort & Dive Center at mile marker 27.5, and other Lower Keys commercial charters, provide excursions to Looe Key. Plus, the reef is the site of the annual Lower Keys Underwater Music Festival!
Learn about the Lower Keys’ reef ecosystem. Mote Marine Laboratory’s Elizabeth Moore International Center for Coral Reef Research & Restoration, located at 24244 Overseas Highway on Summerland Key, has partnered with local dive center Captain Hook’s to provide ”Mote on the Boat” reef experiences for snorkelers and divers with leading coral science experts. Program participants can visit Mote’s facility for a tour after exploring Looe Key Reef.
Take a clear kayak tour through mangrove mazes. Enjoy a 2- to 2.5-hour guided kayaking adventure through scenic mangrove mazes while a guide points out marine life. Sea turtles, nurse sharks, starfish, conchs and more can be spotted from the 100% see-through kayaks. Tours depart three times each day from Sugarloaf Key Marina, located at 17015 Overseas Highway in the Lower Keys.
Discover beautiful lignumvitae flowers at the Key West Tropical Forest & Botanical Garden. (Photo courtesy of the Key West Botanical Garden Society)
Get immersed in nature at the Key West Tropical Forest & Botanical Garden. At the gateway to Key West lies a secluded 15-acre conservation habitat and subtropical botanical garden. Just off College Road at mile marker 5 bayside on the Florida Keys Overseas Highway, the garden features more than 6,000 rare and endangered plants and trees — and provides habitat for 39 butterfly species and 202 native and migratory bird species. Explore 12 self-guided nature trails and boardwalks, two 1.5-acre butterfly habitats, two freshwater ponds, a Cuban palm exhibit and more.
Observe dolphins in the wild with Honest Eco Sustainable Nature Tours. Get aboard SQUID, Key West’s first electric-powered charter boat, for an eco-friendly four-hour dolphin watching and snorkeling tour. SQUID is a lithium-ion battery–powered hybrid charter boat with electric motors. Tours depart twice daily from the Key West Historic Seaport, are guided by biologists, and include premium snorkeling gear and organic fruit and veggies.
Go biking — on the water! Powered purely by human effort, hydrobikes provide a new way to explore the waters around Key West. Guided and unguided tours are offered by Key West Hydrobikes, whose tours depart from LagerHeads at 0 Simonton St. The average speed is about 4 to 6 mph as you cruise calm waters on the stable, pedal-powered nonmotorized water bikes.
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