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Key West’s Famed Casa Marina Resort Celebrates 100th Anniversary

Keys History
This Keys History story spotlights an historically focused attraction, event, person or place that enriches the Florida Keys

The story of the fabled Casa Marina Key West, A Waldorf Astoria Resort, that celebrated its 100th anniversary on New Year’s Eve, reflects the rich history of Key West, the southernmost island city in the continental United States.

Casa Marina opened on New Year’s Eve 1920 as Key West’s most glamorous resort. Conceived by Standard Oil and railroad tycoon Henry M. Flagler, visionary developer of the Florida Keys Over-Sea Railroad stretching from the Florida mainland to Key West, it was seasonally open from January through March.

Flagler envisioned his last project as a luxurious resort for wealthy travelers who could afford the exciting train journey through the Keys, across the Seven Mile Bridge and down to Key West. But Flagler died at 83 in 1913 after completing the railroad the previous year.

Casa Marina’s construction began in 1918, overseen by Flagler’s trusted aide Louis Schutt, who subsequently managed the property until his death in 1933. Its Spanish architecture was designed by Thomas Hastings and John Carrere, architects of New York City’s Metropolitan Opera House.

With 22-inch-thick walls, Casa Marina was built with the same mix of German cement, sand and gravel used to build Flagler’s Seven Mile Bridge.

Through eminent domain, the Navy bought the resort in 1942, converting it to officers’ quarters until 1946. Then the resort underwent multiple ownerships until 1962. That year, the military commandeered the resort, surrounding it with barbed wire during the Cuban Missile Crisis and installing missiles aimed at Cuba, just 90 miles away.

Not long after, it was purchased by Florida Senator John Spottswood, a fifth-generation Key Wester who had worked the property’s lobby newsstand as a boy. Spottswood, whose prominent family still resides in Key West today, leased the resort to Westinghouse Corp. to train Peace Corps volunteers attempting to create a written language for the Micronesian people.

Unbelievably, perhaps, the resort sat empty from 1967 to 1976, with only  

its Birdcage Lounge and expansive outdoor patio open. Beginning in 1976, various owners oversaw the Casa Marina for the next 41 years. Renovations and expansions included rooms along Seminole Street and a building with suites on Reynolds Street.

Park Hotels & Resorts purchased Flagler’s “crown jewel” in 2017.

Over the years its famous guests have included former Presidents Warren Harding, Herbert Hoover and Harry Truman; writer Ernest Hemingway; poets Wallace Stevens and Robert Frost; bandleader Guy Lombardo; actors Rita Hayworth, Gregory Peck, Ethel Merman and Rudy Vallée; and conductor John Philip Sousa.

Today the landmark resort — a coveted venue for weddings, family celebrations, corporate meetings and fireworks festivities — has 311 rooms and suites, two private pools and Key West’s largest private beach and event space with 11,000 square feet indoors and outdoors.

Amenities include Spa al Mare, Flagler’s Ballroom serving daily breakfast and the outdoor Sun Sun Beach Bar & Grill, with “toes in the sand” and casual lunch and dinner options. Visit or call 305-296-3535 or 305-304-3818 for event information.

The resort's iconic waterwalk. Images courtesy of Casa Marina Resort.

The resort's iconic waterwalk. Images courtesy of Casa Marina Resort.

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Henry Flagler arrived in Key West via his Florida Keys Over-sea Railroad Jan. 22, 1912.

Henry Flagler arrived in Key West via his Florida Keys Over-sea Railroad Jan. 22, 1912.

This article was updated on January 13, 2021 at 10:34 AM
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